Monthly Archives: September, 2010

Elton John – Your Song

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RELATIVE CLAUSES

DEFINING AND NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES

Non-defining relative clauses
Use
We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing in the main clause. The extra information is not essential.
Robbie Williams’ Millennium, which is one of his most successful singles, was released in 1999.
Form
In non-defining relative clauses we put a comma before and after the main clause.
We use the relative pronouns who, which, whose, where and when in non-defining relative clauses. The relative pronoun cannot be omitted.
Mark Smith, who lives next door to us, plays in a rock band.
1 Combine the sentences. Use who, which, whose, where or when.
Ivan is very good-looking. (He’s Helen’s brother.)
Ivan, who is Helen’s brother, is very good-looking.
1 The book is about a murder on the Nile.
(It was written by Agatha Christie.)
…………………………………………………
2 The diamond necklace has been found by the police. (It was stolen last week.)
…………………………………………………
3 Steven Spielberg lives in Hollywood. (He is a famous film director.)
…………………………………………………
4 My friend Isabel wants to do media studies.
(Her father is a TV presenter.)
…………………………………………………
5 The new club plays great music. (Jamie works there.)
…………………………………………………
6 My holiday in Ibiza was wonderful. (I first met Jenny then.)
…………………………………………………
7 The new band is very good. (It was formed last year.)
…………………………………………………

Defining relative clauses
Use
We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about the person or thing in the main clause. It tells us which person or thing we are talking about.
This is the CD which everyone is talking about.
Form
There are no commas in defining relative clauses. We can replace who or which with that in defining relative clauses.
She’s the woman that works with my mother.
This is the book that I told you about.
Who, which, that and when can be omitted when they are the object of the verb in the second clause, e.g. There’s the man that the police have been looking for. Whose and where can’t be omitted.

2 Combine the sentences. Use who, which, that, where or when.
That’s the school. I used to go to it.
That’s the school that I used to go to.
1 There’s the girl. I was telling you
about her.
…………………………………………………
2 That was the day. They got married then.
…………………………………………………
3 She’s the girl. Her brother plays in the football team.
…………………………………………………
4 That’s the café. I meet my friends there.
…………………………………………………
5 This is the film. I’ve been waiting to see it
for ages.
…………………………………………………
6 Have you met the girl? She’s going out
with Ted.
…………………………………………………
7 These are the trainers. I bought them yesterday.
…………………………………………………

CONDITIONALS

First, second and third conditionals

First conditional
We use the first conditional to talk about
situations that are possible or likely to happen.
If he finishes his homework, he’ll go to the cinema.
Second conditional
We use the second conditional to talk about situations which are imaginary or unlikely to happen.
If I met Leonardo DiCaprio, I’d ask him for his autograph.
Third conditional
We use the third conditional to talk about imaginary or hypothetical situations in the past.
If she had got up earlier, she wouldn’t have missed the train.

1 Match the two parts of the sentences.
1 If she had more time, …
2 If she has the new Star Wars game, …
3 If I was rich, …
4 He would have phoned the police …
5 If he had a motorbike, …
6 If she had watched the tennis match, …
7 If I find the letter, …
a he’d ride it to school.
b she’ll let you play it.
c I’d buy a sports car.
d she would have known the result.
e I’ll tell you.
f she’d learn another language.
g if he’d seen the robbery.

2 Read the text. Then complete the sentences in the first, second or third conditional. Use the correct form of the verbs.

Andrew Chance’s mother was horrified when she received her son’s Internet shopping bill. Thirteen-year-old Andrew had spent nearly £1 million on eMall, an American Internet shopping site. Andrew used his parents’ password to get into the
site. He then bought a Rolls Royce, a Van Gogh painting and an antique bed. ‘I’m in big trouble,’ the worried teenager said yesterday.

1 If Andrew’s parents ……………… (not buy) him the computer, he wouldn’t have shopped on the Internet.
2 Andrew would make more friends if
he ……………… (spend) less time on
the Internet.
3 If his parents ……………… (find out) earlier, Andrew would have spent less money.
4 If Andrew’s mother doesn’t pay, she
……………… (have to) go to prison.
5 Andrew ……………… (not get) into trouble if he hadn’t used his parents’ password.
6 If I ……………… (be) Andrew’s mother, I’d sell his computer.
7 If teenagers ……………… (have) a computer, they’ll want to surf the Internet.

3 Rewrite the sentences in the first, second or third conditional.
He can’t find his wallet so he’s angry.
(Second conditional) If he could find his wallet, he wouldn’t be angry.
1 In order to lose weight you need to
exercise more.
(First conditional) If you want ………………
………………………………………………
2 He may be late, but he can meet us at the Blue Note café.
(First conditional) If he’s ……………………
………………………………………………
3 An old woman saw him burgle the house. That’s why he’s in prison.
(Third conditional) If she hadn’t ……………
………………………………………………
4 He wants to be rich and famous. Then he’ll be happy.
(Second conditional) If he was ………………
………………………………………………
5 Dave fell asleep so he missed the end of
the film.
(Third conditional) If he hadn’t ………………
………………………………………………..

Keep on revising!!!

SPORTS AND HEALTH

READING

1. Read the texts A-C and decide if the following statements are True or False.

Text A ) Hoolahooping
Sarah is 15 years old now but she has practiced hoolahooping everyday since she was a young child. Hoolahooping basically involves swirling a plastic ring around your waist, hips and neck. It was a sport meant only for kids some years ago, but now is being used by people of all ages in gyms around the world to keep themselves fit and healthy. Even Sarah’s mother practises it to help her lose weight!

Text B ) Kick Boxing
John loves kick boxing, a mix between boxing and martial arts. John knows quite a few people who do this sport to work off their aggression, and it can be dangerous, but he doesn’t do it for that reason. He started kick boxing when he finished school to maintain flexibility and meet new friends in the gym!. You have to join an official club to practise this sport safely and there are lots of rules.

Text C ) Tower Running
Peter likes reading about Tower Running although he’s never taken part in a competition. Tower Running means running up flights of stairs in skyscrapers. There are a few Tower Running competitions held all over the world. It’s not a sport for everyone. You must be strong enough as it puts a lot of strain on the heart, the knees and other joints. These people are really fit. It’s like running a marathon, but vertically!

1 Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years

2 Hoolahooping is only for young people

3 John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school

4 Kick boxing is a dangerous sport

5 Tower running is an indoor sport

6 Tower Running is only popular in the USA

VOCABULARY

2. Complete this word search using words from the A-C texts. Then try to give a definition of each word.

A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E

SPEAKING

3. Prepare a three-minute presentation for your partner to answer the following questions:
• Do you -or any of your friends or relatives- practise any strange sports? Tell your partners about it.
• What equipment do you need to do it?
• Does it involve any special physical requirement? Can everybody practise it?
• Is there any official championship on such a sport? How often? Where?

WRITING

4. You are interested in practising kickboxing but your parents are very sceptical about it. You have emailed Simon, a friend in Scotland who already practises it, asking for information and advice to convince your parents. Imagine and write his response.
(80-120 words)

Advice:
1. Be very careful to use the correct present/past tense to describe his experience.
2. Highlight those benefits that may be more attractive for your parents.

GRAMMAR

5. Look at the pictures and say what the people have done.
Use these verbs: break, build, catch, see, win
Use these objects: a film, a fish, a house, his leg, the gold medal

She’s won the gold medal.

1 2. 3. 4.

1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6. James is talking about his life. Put the correct past participles in the gaps.

I’ve (……………_) (see) a lot of beautiful places in my life, and I’ve (1) …………… (do) a lot of interesting things. I’ve (2) …………… (travel) in North and South America, for example. I’ve (3) …………… (visit) all the big American cities.
I’ve (4) …………… (drive) across Mexico. I haven’t (5) …………… (be) to Argentina, but I’ve (6) …………… (work) in Peru and Bolivia. I’ve (7) …………… (swim) in the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. I’ve (8) …………… (eat) in the best restaurants in Paris, and I’ve (9) …………… (sing) Italian songs in Rome. I haven’t
(10) …………… (make) much money in my life, but I’ve (11) …………… (meet) a lot of interesting people and I’ve (12) …………… (take) a lot of wonderful photographs!
ANSWER KEY

READING
1.
1. Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years
True “everyday since she was a child”
2. Hoolahooping is only for young people
False “people of all ages”
3. John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school
False “ when he finished school”
4. Kick boxing is a dangerous sport
False “it can be dangerous”
5. Tower running is an indoor sport
True ”flights of stairs in skyscrapers”
6. Tower Running is only popular in the USA
False “competitions all over the world”

VOCABULARY
2.
A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E
Suggested answer.
Competition: An event in which people compete with each other to find out who is the best at something
Swirl: Move around quickly in a circle
Knee: The joint between the top and bottom parts of the leg where it bends in the middle
Gym: A room or hall with equipment for doing physical exercise, for example in a school
Boxing: A sport in which two people fight each other with their hands, while wearing very large thick gloves
Waist: The area around the middle of the body between the ribs and the hips, often narrower than the areas above and below
Heart: The organ in the chest that sends blood around the body, usually on the left in humans
Club: A group of people who meet together regularly, for a particular activity, sport, etc
Flexibility: Ability to change to suit new conditions or situations
Weight: How heavy somebody or something is, which can be measured in kilograms or pounds

SPEAKING
3.
Students’ own answers.

WRITING
4.
Students’ own answers.

GRAMMAR
5.
1 He’s/He has broken his leg.
2 They’ve/They have built a house.
3 They’ve/They have seen a film.
4 She’s/She has caught a fish.

6.
1 done 5 been 9 sung
2 travelled 6 worked 10 made
3 visited 7 swum 11 met
4 driven 8 eaten 12 taken

SPORTS AND HEALTH

READING

1. Read the texts A-C and decide if the following statements are True or False.

Text A ) Hoolahooping
Sarah is 15 years old now but she has practiced hoolahooping everyday since she was a young child. Hoolahooping basically involves swirling a plastic ring around your waist, hips and neck. It was a sport meant only for kids some years ago, but now is being used by people of all ages in gyms around the world to keep themselves fit and healthy. Even Sarah’s mother practises it to help her lose weight!

Text B ) Kick Boxing
John loves kick boxing, a mix between boxing and martial arts. John knows quite a few people who do this sport to work off their aggression, and it can be dangerous, but he doesn’t do it for that reason. He started kick boxing when he finished school to maintain flexibility and meet new friends in the gym!. You have to join an official club to practise this sport safely and there are lots of rules.

Text C ) Tower Running
Peter likes reading about Tower Running although he’s never taken part in a competition. Tower Running means running up flights of stairs in skyscrapers. There are a few Tower Running competitions held all over the world. It’s not a sport for everyone. You must be strong enough as it puts a lot of strain on the heart, the knees and other joints. These people are really fit. It’s like running a marathon, but vertically!

1 Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years

2 Hoolahooping is only for young people

3 John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school

4 Kick boxing is a dangerous sport

5 Tower running is an indoor sport

6 Tower Running is only popular in the USA

VOCABULARY

2. Complete this word search using words from the A-C texts. Then try to give a definition of each word.

A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E

SPEAKING

3. Prepare a three-minute presentation for your partner to answer the following questions:
• Do you -or any of your friends or relatives- practise any strange sports? Tell your partners about it.
• What equipment do you need to do it?
• Does it involve any special physical requirement? Can everybody practise it?
• Is there any official championship on such a sport? How often? Where?

WRITING

4. You are interested in practising kickboxing but your parents are very sceptical about it. You have emailed Simon, a friend in Scotland who already practises it, asking for information and advice to convince your parents. Imagine and write his response.
(80-120 words)

Advice:
1. Be very careful to use the correct present/past tense to describe his experience.
2. Highlight those benefits that may be more attractive for your parents.

GRAMMAR

5. Look at the pictures and say what the people have done.
Use these verbs: break, build, catch, see, win
Use these objects: a film, a fish, a house, his leg, the gold medal

She’s won the gold medal.

1 2. 3. 4.

1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6. James is talking about his life. Put the correct past participles in the gaps.

I’ve (……………_) (see) a lot of beautiful places in my life, and I’ve (1) …………… (do) a lot of interesting things. I’ve (2) …………… (travel) in North and South America, for example. I’ve (3) …………… (visit) all the big American cities.
I’ve (4) …………… (drive) across Mexico. I haven’t (5) …………… (be) to Argentina, but I’ve (6) …………… (work) in Peru and Bolivia. I’ve (7) …………… (swim) in the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. I’ve (8) …………… (eat) in the best restaurants in Paris, and I’ve (9) …………… (sing) Italian songs in Rome. I haven’t
(10) …………… (make) much money in my life, but I’ve (11) …………… (meet) a lot of interesting people and I’ve (12) …………… (take) a lot of wonderful photographs!
ANSWER KEY

READING
1.
1. Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years
True “everyday since she was a child”
2. Hoolahooping is only for young people
False “people of all ages”
3. John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school
False “ when he finished school”
4. Kick boxing is a dangerous sport
False “it can be dangerous”
5. Tower running is an indoor sport
True ”flights of stairs in skyscrapers”
6. Tower Running is only popular in the USA
False “competitions all over the world”

VOCABULARY
2.
A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E
Suggested answer.
Competition: An event in which people compete with each other to find out who is the best at something
Swirl: Move around quickly in a circle
Knee: The joint between the top and bottom parts of the leg where it bends in the middle
Gym: A room or hall with equipment for doing physical exercise, for example in a school
Boxing: A sport in which two people fight each other with their hands, while wearing very large thick gloves
Waist: The area around the middle of the body between the ribs and the hips, often narrower than the areas above and below
Heart: The organ in the chest that sends blood around the body, usually on the left in humans
Club: A group of people who meet together regularly, for a particular activity, sport, etc
Flexibility: Ability to change to suit new conditions or situations
Weight: How heavy somebody or something is, which can be measured in kilograms or pounds

SPEAKING
3.
Students’ own answers.

WRITING
4.
Students’ own answers.

GRAMMAR
5.
1 He’s/He has broken his leg.
2 They’ve/They have built a house.
3 They’ve/They have seen a film.
4 She’s/She has caught a fish.

6.
1 done 5 been 9 sung
2 travelled 6 worked 10 made
3 visited 7 swum 11 met
4 driven 8 eaten 12 taken

SPORTS AND HEALTH

READING

1. Read the texts A-C and decide if the following statements are True or False.

Text A ) Hoolahooping
Sarah is 15 years old now but she has practiced hoolahooping everyday since she was a young child. Hoolahooping basically involves swirling a plastic ring around your waist, hips and neck. It was a sport meant only for kids some years ago, but now is being used by people of all ages in gyms around the world to keep themselves fit and healthy. Even Sarah’s mother practises it to help her lose weight!

Text B ) Kick Boxing
John loves kick boxing, a mix between boxing and martial arts. John knows quite a few people who do this sport to work off their aggression, and it can be dangerous, but he doesn’t do it for that reason. He started kick boxing when he finished school to maintain flexibility and meet new friends in the gym!. You have to join an official club to practise this sport safely and there are lots of rules.

Text C ) Tower Running
Peter likes reading about Tower Running although he’s never taken part in a competition. Tower Running means running up flights of stairs in skyscrapers. There are a few Tower Running competitions held all over the world. It’s not a sport for everyone. You must be strong enough as it puts a lot of strain on the heart, the knees and other joints. These people are really fit. It’s like running a marathon, but vertically!

1 Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years

2 Hoolahooping is only for young people

3 John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school

4 Kick boxing is a dangerous sport

5 Tower running is an indoor sport

6 Tower Running is only popular in the USA

VOCABULARY

2. Complete this word search using words from the A-C texts. Then try to give a definition of each word.

A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E

SPEAKING

3. Prepare a three-minute presentation for your partner to answer the following questions:
• Do you -or any of your friends or relatives- practise any strange sports? Tell your partners about it.
• What equipment do you need to do it?
• Does it involve any special physical requirement? Can everybody practise it?
• Is there any official championship on such a sport? How often? Where?

WRITING

4. You are interested in practising kickboxing but your parents are very sceptical about it. You have emailed Simon, a friend in Scotland who already practises it, asking for information and advice to convince your parents. Imagine and write his response.
(80-120 words)

Advice:
1. Be very careful to use the correct present/past tense to describe his experience.
2. Highlight those benefits that may be more attractive for your parents.

GRAMMAR

5. Look at the pictures and say what the people have done.
Use these verbs: break, build, catch, see, win
Use these objects: a film, a fish, a house, his leg, the gold medal

She’s won the gold medal.

1 2. 3. 4.

1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6. James is talking about his life. Put the correct past participles in the gaps.

I’ve (……………_) (see) a lot of beautiful places in my life, and I’ve (1) …………… (do) a lot of interesting things. I’ve (2) …………… (travel) in North and South America, for example. I’ve (3) …………… (visit) all the big American cities.
I’ve (4) …………… (drive) across Mexico. I haven’t (5) …………… (be) to Argentina, but I’ve (6) …………… (work) in Peru and Bolivia. I’ve (7) …………… (swim) in the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. I’ve (8) …………… (eat) in the best restaurants in Paris, and I’ve (9) …………… (sing) Italian songs in Rome. I haven’t
(10) …………… (make) much money in my life, but I’ve (11) …………… (meet) a lot of interesting people and I’ve (12) …………… (take) a lot of wonderful photographs!
ANSWER KEY

READING
1.
1. Sarah has been hoolahooping for several years
True “everyday since she was a child”
2. Hoolahooping is only for young people
False “people of all ages”
3. John started kick boxing at a club when he was at school
False “ when he finished school”
4. Kick boxing is a dangerous sport
False “it can be dangerous”
5. Tower running is an indoor sport
True ”flights of stairs in skyscrapers”
6. Tower Running is only popular in the USA
False “competitions all over the world”

VOCABULARY
2.
A C U B F M O L R T K S W I R L
F L A M B V X E W E I G H T A R
L M L R V O A U I S T H C E N K
E G X T O N R H S H F A D Z P M
X A P I S Y K T R E A R Y U I B
I E E S T R N S O A K D Q L F W
B T T B A L E L U R G F W Z S H
I H C O M P E T I T I O N M Q I
L F O X S E S W T A S N P Q T M
I R M I M A O N Y W E E T A Y R
T P N N S T W R H R O O N G Y S
Y U B G J H B A G Y W O Q X J T
E W I J H E G C I S U L E M Z O
S W S G T E T I L S I K S B Y U
Y S W H R L D O K T T W O V H A
C C L U B Y P N J U P B P Y P E
Suggested answer.
Competition: An event in which people compete with each other to find out who is the best at something
Swirl: Move around quickly in a circle
Knee: The joint between the top and bottom parts of the leg where it bends in the middle
Gym: A room or hall with equipment for doing physical exercise, for example in a school
Boxing: A sport in which two people fight each other with their hands, while wearing very large thick gloves
Waist: The area around the middle of the body between the ribs and the hips, often narrower than the areas above and below
Heart: The organ in the chest that sends blood around the body, usually on the left in humans
Club: A group of people who meet together regularly, for a particular activity, sport, etc
Flexibility: Ability to change to suit new conditions or situations
Weight: How heavy somebody or something is, which can be measured in kilograms or pounds

SPEAKING
3.
Students’ own answers.

WRITING
4.
Students’ own answers.

GRAMMAR
5.
1 He’s/He has broken his leg.
2 They’ve/They have built a house.
3 They’ve/They have seen a film.
4 She’s/She has caught a fish.

6.
1 done 5 been 9 sung
2 travelled 6 worked 10 made
3 visited 7 swum 11 met
4 driven 8 eaten 12 taken

A collection of really useful texts

http://www.uhu.es/antonia.dominguez/selectividad/inicio.htm

Recursos y actividades

En esta páginas encontrarás actividades y ejercicios prácticos para perfeccionar tu inglés.

http://www.mansioningles.com/Recursos.htm